For me, narrative is central to all reading and writing. I can find story anywhere–poetry, nonfiction, even a science report–so it’s no surprise that I teach about storyboarding a lot, both in the context of reading and writing instruction. My students storyboard what’s happening in their independent reading novels, map out what they’ll present about through storyboards, and organize their writing using them too.
Objective: Using the language of the Depth of Knowledge Levels, students will organize the plot structure of their own narratives; create a map of their story structure, and differentiate between pacing speeds in scenes mapped out. Or, from the Common Core, students will use a variety of techniques to sequence events so that they build on one another to create a coherent whole and build toward a particular tone and outcome.
Lesson: Prior to this lesson, students will already have selected a narrative topic and talked it out, at least generally, with their peers. They will be ready to create a start-to-finish storyboard for the structure of their narrative. We will also have studied “Eleven” by Sandra Cisneros to review pacing, and how to slow down and speed up scenes.
I’ll begin by modeling on the whiteboard for students. “So, in my narrative, I want to tell the story of this pregnancy. I want it to be kind of funny, so I’m going to focus most of my scenes on the funny parts–my husband’s and parents’ reactions when I told them, and my own reaction to figuring it out.
“So where should I begin my narrative, do you think?” I ask.
“Probably with suspecting you were pregnant,” a student chimes in.
“Yep.” I draw a box on the board, and draw stick-figure me at my desk at school, question marks over my head, pondering whether I could be pregnant.
“Then where do I go?”
“Finding out you are for sure,” another kid says.
“Yep.” I draw another box next to my first one, using a directional arrow to connect them. We go on in this vein until my storyboard is nearly complete, adding a flashback to previous disappointing pregnancy test results, and swapping the location of a scene. Then I turn the students loose to draw their own storyboards in their notebooks.
Follow-Up: After students have drawn their completed storyboards, I’ll ask them to find a partner to tell their story. Often, this is where hiccups and gaps in the narrative structure are revealed–this second-draft talk. Students will make revisions to their storyboards, and during workshop time we’ll begin writing actual scenes out in prose format.
In our next mini-lesson, we’ll choose which scenes to slow down and which to speed up, and work on various techniques to control pace.
How do you use storyboarding in your classroom? Do you have any resources for storyboarding digitally? Please share in the comments.